Impact of Sanctions upon Economy and Society of the FR of Yugoslavia in an International Perspective

 

Commissioner: Ministry of Development, Science and Environment of the Government of the FR of Yugoslavia, Belgrade

Project Director: Prof. Dr.sci  Dragoslav Avramović

Project Council: Dragoslav Avramović, Shinichi Ichimura, Mircea Malitza, Tričković Vidosav, Vendy Jacque

The sanctions against the FR of Yugoslavia (FRY) were introduced by the UN Security Council (SC) resolutions 713 (1991), 787 (1992) and 820 (1993). The reason for their adoption was the conviction of the SC members that  FRY failed to observe SC requests to stop its military engagement in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) conflict, which was regarded by  all SC members as a 'threat to international peace'. There were some disputed among the authors and independent observers whether the reason and the method of their implementation were legally and humanly justified.

However, regardless of divided opinions on the passing and implementation of the sanctions, there was unanimity that they most severely hit innocent citizens (especially the old, sick and children) who should not be regarded as responsible for the policy of their government. The measures of the total embargo on science and culture, economic and social development, demographic movement and other determinants of development of a society were more counter-productive than contributively to the achievement of a desired goal confirmed the authors. They at the same time caused great damage to the economies of neighbouring countries particularly thought increasing 'black market', drug trafficking and organized crime.

Countered by intensive internal propaganda launched through electronic and press media, the sanctions practically contributed to strengthening nationalistic feelings not only among politicians but among peoples as well; they deepened animosity of the peoples against initiators and executers of them. They, countered by thoughtfully organized propaganda, made rich richer and more inflation, while poor poorer and weaker in trying to make a modern society.

The sanctions, as the rule, benefited to the political elite and those who advocated it, making them richer and more inflation, while the base of the population was seriously detoriated. As far as the base of the population was concerned, the authors concluded that they 'had an adverse effect on natural population movement and, due to increased mortality, coupled with decreased birth rate, endangered the biological integrity of the population'. This should be added that intensified migration especially young and educated people seriously endangered demographic growth, economic and technological development of the targeted country.

 

The Project was completed and delivered to the commissioner in December 1996. In 1997 it was published as a separate book, in Serbian with SUMMARY in English.  The ECPD elaborated also a sub-study 'The Impact of Sanctions upon the Economy and Society of the Republic of Montenegro.

Evropski centar za mir i razvoj Univerziteta za mir UN obaveštava da su magistarska teza i Izveštaj o oceni teze Jete Rukiqi pod naslovom „International Organizations and Their Role in the Western Balkans: Key Study Kosovo“ i doktorska disertacija i Izveštaj o oceni disertacije Fazli Mehmet Gökgöza pod naslovom „The Process of Interest Representation in Brussels: Lobbying for Turkish RTDI Interests” stavljeni na uvid javnosti u Sekretarijatu ECPD (Beograd, Terazije 41), 15 dana od dana objavljivanja.
Evropski centar za mir i razvoj Univerziteta za mir UN obaveštava da će se javna odbrana master teze Marka Kovačevića pod naslovom „Kaizen i primena Kaizena u građevinarstvu na konkretnom primeru preduzeća: GP „Kovačević“ održati 23.12.2016. u 11,00h i magistarske teze Radmile Mihić pod naslovom „Unapređenje efikasnosti javnih investicija s posebnim osvrtom na javno-privatno partnerstvo u Republici Srpskoj“” održati 23.12.2016. u 13,00h u ECPD, Beograd, Terazije 41.

Contact

European Center for Peace and Development (ECPD)
University for Peace Established by the United Nations

 

ECPD Headquarters

Terazije 41

11000 Belgrade

Serbia

office@ecpd.org.rs

+381 11 3246-041;

+381 11 3246-042;

+381 11 3240-673;

 

Maps

Monday the 27th. European Center for Peace and Development (ECPD) University for Peace Established by the United Nations, Terazije 41, Belgrade, Serbia